Generally, there are three types of immigrant visa categories that can lead to permanent residence and resettlement in the U.S.:

  1. Family Sponsored
  2. Employer Sponsored (not discussed in detail here), and
  3. Humanitarian (discussed above in the asylum and refugee sections of this document).

Each application is considered individually and varies in processing time. Note that, due to the tremendous backlog pre-existing before the war, applicants may wait months or even years for approval.